In most cases, the only source open to them was agriculture to which they flocked thereby steadily adding to the great pressure on land which still is one of the most prominent feature of the Indian economy.
Further, the agriculture which had been way of life rather than a business enterprise now began to be practiced for sale in national and international market. According to Tirthankar Roy, there were three main qualitative changes. A basic reason for the rapid growth in the cultivation of cash crops was the fact that such a development was welcome to the British authorities in India.
The commercialization of agriculture was a forced and artificial process for the majority of Indian peasants. Jute was another product that received attention of the English company because the jute made products got a ready market in America and Europe.
The problem did not end here. In addition, the commercial Revolution strengthened the trends which the new land systems had set in motion.
The opening of the Suez canal in was another event of world-wide importance. Although the British demand for Indian raw Cotton fell off after the Civil War was over, it was largely compensated by the increase in domestic demand.
The commercialization of agriculture means that the agricultural crops and goods are produced by the peasants for sale in the market and not for their own consumption. These newly opened roads and railways linked up different parts of the country, thereby facilitating the movement of crops from the surplus to the deficit areas and from the hitherto isolated village to the port towns from where it was shipped to distant parts of the world.
Monthly Review Press, In such a village, production was dictated by its self-sufficient character. Also, Indian money lenders advanced Cash advances to the farmers to cultivate the commercial crops and if the peasants failed to pay him back in time, the land of peasants came under ownership of moneylenders.
Nevertheless, political inclinations grew within the alliance ad this resulted in strikes organized by the Knights of Labor against the Grange. In the first place, the commercial interests of the company were vitally linked up with the export of indigo, tea, coffee, hides and skins and opium.
As a result, the manufacturing-agriculture terms of trade turned sharply against agriculture. With the conclusion of the Civil War, exports of raw cotton fell off. The net result of this change was that Indian failed to produce even that much food crops which could provide even two square meals a day to its population.
The railway lines were built by the British rulers. The Great Depression had a terrible impact on the Indian farmer. Possibly, whatever investment took place was in the cash crops.
Commercialisation of Agriculture Subject-Matter: Secondly, the agriculture which had been way of life rather than a business enterprise now began to be practiced for sale in national and international market.
Thus, under the impact of new forces, the village could no longer remain the compact unit that it was before. The poor peasant was forced to sell his produce just after harvest at whatever prices he could get as he had to meet in time the demands of the government, the landlord, the money lender and his family members' requirements.
This resulted in a combination of famines and epidemics claiming around 2. The agricultural crops reached the parts of the then Madras, Calcutta, Bombay or Karachi from self-sufficient villages with the expansion of the railway lines.
The consumption of food was then estimated at one and a half pound per individual and in it was 1 pound. The commercialization of Indian Agriculture took place not to feed the industries of India because India was far behind in industrial development as compared to Britain, France, Belgium and many other European countries of eighteenth century.
Commercialisation of Agriculture Causes: This had a devastating effect on the rural economy and often took the shape of famines.
It was beneficial to the British planters, traders and manufacturers, who were provided with opportunity to make huge profits by getting the commercialized agricultural products at, throw away prices.
Commercialization apples to various sectors and these include the education, agriculture and the sport industries.
Commercialization of education is a new trend that has resulted in. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the commercialization of agriculture: 1. Subject-Matter 2. Causes 3. Process 4. Effects. Commercialisation of Agriculture # Subject-Matter: Till the end of the first half of the 19th century, the Indian village was essentially self-sufficient.
It had hardly any contact with the world outside except for the occasional [ ]. Commercialization Of Agriculture During British Era What is Commercialization of Agriculture?
Commercialisation of agriculture is a phenomenon where agriculture is governed by commercial consideration i.e. certain specialised crops began to be grown not for consumption in village but for sale in national and even in international market.
Chapter 5 Commercialization of Agriculture profitable and this economic incentive led them to produce for sale and export. Commercialization of Agriculture, Great Depression and Famine in Colonial India 25th September, Submitted by: Vibha Ashok Bhirud MDS Submitted to: Prof.
Aparajita Bakshi Prof. Gaurang Sahay School of Development Studies Table of Contents 1.
Introduction 2. Industrialization in Europe and Commercialization of Agriculture in India 3. The commercialization of agriculture was a forced and artificial process for the majority of Indian peasants.
It was introduced under coercion of the British and .Commercialization of agriculture essay